The Mail Server is basically a computer that’s connected to the Internet, managing your email communication and distributing your email. For example if you use a gmail.com email address, the Mail Server is managed by Google.
Your devices, mobile phone, computer etc., simply connect to the Mail Server of your email provider and download the email from there via IMAP or POP protocol and send answers back via the mail sever using the SMTP protocol. See also IMAP and SMTP.
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